The following is a general overview of the doping control process. Departures from these procedures will not invalidate a test result unless it is determined that the integrity of the sample has been compromised.
> STEP 1: ATHLETE SELECTION
> STEP 2: NOTIFICATION
> STEP 3: REPORTING TO THE DOPING CONTROL STATION
> STEP 4: SELECTION OF A URINE COLLECTION VESSEL
> STEP 5: PROVIDING THE URINE / BLOOD SAMPLE
> STEP 6: SELECTION OF A URINE SAMPLE COLLECTION KIT
> STEP 7: SPLITTING AND SEALING THE URINE / BLOOD SAMPLE
> STEP 8: MEASURING SPECIFIC GRAVITY
> STEP 9: COMPLETING THE DOPING CONTROL FORM
> STEP 10: SECURING AND TRANSPORTING THE SAMPLE
> MODIFICATIONS FOR MINORS AND ATHLETES WITH A DISABILITY
STEP 1: ATHLETE SELECTION
You can be selected for doping control at any time and any
place without advance notice and are subject to random and planned selection
STEP 2: NOTIFICATION
A Doping Control Officer (DCO) or Chaperone will notify you
of selection for doping control to provide either a urine sample, blood sample
or both. You are required to present a photo identification to confirm your
identity. The DCO or Chaperone will inform you of your rights and
responsibilities. You will be asked to sign the Doping Control Notification
form confirming that you have been notified for doping control. A copy of the
form will be provided to you for your record. You may also request an athlete
representative to accompany you throughout the doping control process.
STEP 3: REPORTING TO THE DOPING CONTROL STATION
You are required to report to the doping control station
immediately unless you request a delay in reporting for valid reasons. Please
visit the Rights and Responsibilities section for more information. The DCO or
Chaperone will accompany you from the time of notification until the completion
of the sample collection process.
At the doping control station, you will be given a chance to
hydrate. Individually sealed beverage will be available.
STEP 4: SELECTION OF A URINE COLLECTION VESSEL
You are given a choice of at least 3 individually sealed
sample collection kits, and you will select one. You should verify that the
equipment is intact and has not been tampered with. You should maintain control
of the collection vessel at all times.
STEP 5: PROVIDING THE URINE SAMPLE
Only you and a DCO or Chaperone of the same gender are
permitted in the washroom when you provide the urine sample. The first urine
sample that you are able to provide following notification must be collected.
Minors and athletes with a disability must have their
representative present. The representative is not permitted to view the sample
provision, but to ensure that the DCO or Chaperone is observing the sample
provision correctly. The representative will not witness you providing the
sample unless you specifically request them or require their assistance.
Before providing the urine sample, you are required to wash
your hands with water, remove any clothing from the knees to the mid-torso and
from the hands to the elbows. This provides the DCO or Chaperone with a direct
view of the urine leaving your body and into the collection vessel.
You are responsible for controlling your sample and keeping
it in view of the DCO or Chaperone until it is sealed in a sample collection
If you provide a sample less than the required volume of
90ml, you are required to temporarily seal it and wait until you are ready to
provide more urine until the minimum volume is attained
PROVIDING THE BLOOD SAMPLE
Prior to providing a blood sample, the Blood Collection
Officer (BCO) or DCO must ensure that you have been seated and relaxed for at
least 10 minutes. If a blood sample is
being collected for the Athlete Biological Passport, you must have been rested
for at least 2 hours.
When providing a blood sample, you will be asked to select
from at least 3 sets of blood collection kits, blood sample storage and
transportation kits. Checks should be made to ensure they are empty, clean and
the seal is intact.
A trained BCO will perform the blood collection procedure in
the presence of a DCO or Chaperone and, if applicable, the athlete
The BCO shall assess the most suitable vein for sample
collection and clean the site. They will then unseal the hypodermic needle and
attach the vaccutainers (self-sealing secure containers) and withdraw blood to
fill the required number of tubes. No more than 3 attempts will be made per
STEP 6: SELECTION OF A URINE SAMPLE COLLECTION KIT
You are given a choice of at least 3 individually sealed
sample collection kits from which to choose one. You should verify that the
equipment is intact and has not been tampered with. You will open the kit and
confirm that the sample code numbers on the bottles, the lids, and the
container all match. Also verify that the bottles are intact and has not been
STEP 7: SPLITTING AND SEALING THE URINE SAMPLE
You will split and pour the urine yourself, unless
assistance is required and you provide consent for your representative or the
DCO to do so on your behalf. Pour at least 30ml of urine into the B bottle and
pour the remaining urine into the A bottle. You will be asked to leave a small
amount in the collection vessel so that the DCO can measure the specific
gravity. You will then seal the ‘A' and ‘B' bottles tightly ensuring there is
SEALING AND STORING THE BLOOD SAMPLE
After withdrawing the needle the BCO or athlete will place
one vaccutainer into each of the ‘A' and ‘B' sample bottles. These should be
checked for any leakage. The sealed blood sample shall be kept in the Doping
Control Station, at a cool but not freezing temperature, prior to dispatching
STEP 8: MEASURING SPECIFIC GRAVITY
The DCO will check the specific gravity of the residual
urine left in the collection vessel to ensure it is suitable for analysis, and
will record the value on the Doping Control Test Form.
If the sample falls outside the required range for specific
gravity, the DCO will request additional samples to be provided until one
within the required range for Specific Gravity is provided, or until the DCO
determines that, due to exceptional circumstances, the session should end.
You should avoid drinking too much fluid, as it may dilute
your urine sample.
STEP 9: COMPLETING THE DOPING CONTROL FORM
You will be asked to provide information on the doping
control form about any medication or supplements taken recently. You should also indicate if there is any
granted Therapeutic Use Exemption (TUE) for any prohibited substance or methods
You also have the right to note comments on the form
regarding the conduct of the doping control session. Be sure to confirm that
all of the information is correct, including the sample code number. You will
receive a copy of the doping control form. Ensure that the laboratory copy of
the form does not contain any information that could identify you.
The DCO will record the A Sample and B Sample bottle numbers
on the Doping Control Form.
At this point you will be asked to:
Declare any prescription or non-prescription medication,
vitamins, food supplements, herbal products and any other substance you have
taken within the past 7 days.
Declare the use of Beta-2 agonists or non-systemic
glucocorticosteroids (intraarticular, periarticular, peritendinous, epidural,
intradermal and inhalation) on the Doping Control Form.
Provide details of any Therapeutic Use Exemptions (TUE)
Include any comments from the procedure on the Doping
There is no obligation to make a declaration, but it may be
helpful in explaining an adverse analytical or atypical finding.
Your representative, if present, and you will be invited to
check that the information recorded on the Doping Control Form is correct, and
to sign it if satisfied.
The DCO will provide a copy of the Doping Control Test Form
to you for your records.
STEP 10: SECURING AND TRANSPORTING THE SAMPLE
Once the samples are placed in a security sealed transit bag
they are sent to a WADA accredited laboratory, by a secure chain of custody,
for analysis. This ensures that every step of the process is fully documented
and only those authorised to handle the sample do so.
The copy of the Doping Control Form that the laboratory
receives does not contain any information that could identify you.
MODIFICATIONS FOR MINORS AND ATHLETES WITH A DISABILITY
Minors must be notified of their selection for doping
control in the presence of an adult representative (eg, coach, team manager,
team doctor, guardian, etc). Under the ADS Anti-Doping Rules, a Minor is any
individual below 16 years old. You may be accompanied by your representative at
all times during the sample collection procedure, including in the washroom
area during sample provision. However, the representative will not witness the
passing of the sample. If you decide not to have a representative, the DCO may
ask a third party to be present.
Athletes with a Disability
Athletes with a physical disability may ask an adult athlete
representative or the DCO to assist when handling the sample collection
equipment, splitting the sample, or completing the doping control form. The
representative may complete the required